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Essential Oils for Perfumery

Our essential oils, absolutes and isolates for perfume and aromatherapy are classified by scent families (citrus, earthy, floral, fruity, gourmand, green, herbaceous, ozonic/aquatic, resinous, spicy, and woody) and then listed in alphabetical order. Each oil is broken down by country of origin, parts of plant used, extraction method, note classification, aroma, blending suggestions, and traditional uses. 

----- CITRUS AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the citrus aroma family have a bright, clean, and refreshing aroma. They are usually top notes and can be added to energizing or detoxifying blends. They are versatile and blend well with most aroma families, especially floral and woody oils. 

 

No. LDVI Bergamot (Citrus Bergamia)

Origin: France // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed (Bergapten-Free) // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: A Complex Citrus - Fresh, Green, Fruity, Slightly Spicy And Balsamic. Mixes Well With Other Scents, Mellowing Overall Fragrance While Adding Richness // Blends Well With: Chamomile, Citrus Oils, Coriander, Cypress, Geranium, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon Balm, Neroli, Nutmeg, Rose, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Has a balancing and toning effect on the nervous system, reduces tension and anxiety, soothes nervous indigestion. 

 

No. CMDV Grapefruit (Citrus Paradisi)

Origin: Israel // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fresh, Floral, Tangy, Sweet // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rosemary, Thyme, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses: Moves the blood and fluids, helps to break down stored fat and accompanying emotional baggage, detoxifying, boosts the lymphatic system, used in cellulite creams. Has a mild diuretic effect. 

No. DCC Lemon (Citrus Medica Limonum)

Origin: Italy // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Sour, Slightly Sweet, Astringent// Blends well with: Benzoin, Chamomile, Cistus, Elemi, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Frankincense, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Neroli, Oakmoss, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Clears heat and toxicity including infections and skin disruptions, promotes cleansing and softens buildup including arthritis, gout, and cholesterol. Removes stagnation. Restores luster and rejuvenates tired, dull skin. Reduces excessive oiliness. Used in household cleansers to cut grease.

 

No. VLCD Mandarin (Citrus Reticulata)

Origin: USA // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Light, Fruity, Citrus // Blends well with: Basil, Black Pepper, Chamomile Roman, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper, Lemon, Myrrh, Neroli, Nutmeg, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Improves circulation of blood and lymph, creates warmth to soothe rheumatism and arthritis. Good antiseptic and antispasmodic, sedative actions relaxes and calms nervous afflictions. Promotes the growth of new cells and tissues. 

No. XLII Lime (Citrus Aurantifolia)

Origin: Brazil // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Bitter, Tart, Cool Citrus // Blends well with: Citronella, Clary Sage, Lavender, Neroli, Nutmeg, Rosemary, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses:  Renews the spirit and mind, cleanses the aura, draws negative qi from the body and living spaces, lifts the qi, eliminates odors. Can be used in a diffuser to clean and purify the air. Has anti-bacterial and anti-viral properties. Disinfects surfaces and repels insects. Cools heat, tonifies yin, balances summer heat conditions and fevers.  

No. XIMD Orange (Citrus Sinensis)

Origin: USA // Parts Used: Fruit Peel // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Sweet, Sugary and Citrus // Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Litsea Cubeba, Marjoram, Myrrh, Neroli, Nutmeg, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Rose, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Used in aromatherapy to lift the mood, reduces pulse rate and the salivary cortisol that is secreted when one is in a state of anxiety. Reduces gas and indigestion. 

No. MCM Petitgrain (Petitgrain Bigarde)

Origin: Italy // Parts Used: Leaves And Twigs // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Orange Blossoms With A Bitter, Floral, Citrus And Herbaceous Undertone // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Geranium, Jasmine, Juniper Berry, Lavender, Lemon, Neroli, Orange, Rosemary, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses: Naturally anti-microbial, good for preventing body odor and skin infections, boosts nerves and nervous system, eases spasms, cramps, palpitations, hypertension and insomnia. Uplifting, soothes anxiety and depression.  

----- EARTHY AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the earthy aroma family are grounding oils reminiscent of wet soil, roots, moss and lichen. They are usually heavy and musky base notes and can be used as modifiers to offer depth and naturalness. Use to create faerie wood and forest floor accords.
Bios Apothecary Ambrette

No. CCV “Ambrette” (Abelmoschus Maschatus Medik)

Origin: Peru // Parts Used: Seed // Extraction Method: Fractionation/Isolate of Ambrette Seed Absolute C02 (Ambrettolide) // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: White Musk, Soft, Smooth, Well Rounded, Full Bodied // Blends well with: Agarwood, Balsam of Peru, Benzoin, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Clove, Cocoa, Coffee, Coriander, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Jasmine, Labdanum, Lavender, Magnolia, Myrrh, Neroli, Oakmoss, Orange Blossom, Patchouli, Rose, Sacred Lotus (Pink), Sandalwood, Tobacco, Tonka, Vanilla, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang.  Traditional uses in perfumery:  Excellent fixative, tenacious, rounds out sharp edges, imparts radiance and smoothness. Well suited for orientals and floral musks, a vegan white musk of vegetal origin, an alternative to traditional animal derived musks.
Damp Earth Bios Apothecary

No. XVII  “Damp Earth” 50% Dilution

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Fenchyl Alcohol) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Cold, Damp, Earthy, Rain Like, Dilapidated Buildings with Plant Life Growing in Crevasses,  Old Churches  // Blends well with: Lemon, Lime, Frankincense, Guaiac Wood, Pine, Smoke, Mushroom, Patchouli, Oakmoss  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for forest floor accords
Bios Apothecary Leather

No. MMIX “Leather”

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Proprietary) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: New Leather, Shoe Polish, Frankincense, Smoky, Charred Wood,  // Blends well with: Citrus, Frankincense, Labadum, Amber, Cade Wood, Cedar, Myrrh // Traditional uses in perfumery: Incense accords, leather accords, soft floral
Bios Apothecary Oakmoss

No. MMI Oakmoss (Evernia Prunastri) 

Origin: France// Parts Used: Oak Lichen // Extraction Method: Solvent Extracted // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Rich Moss, Faerie Wood, Decaying Leaf, Fungus, Lichen, Damp Earth, Inky // Blends well with: Bergamot, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Coumarin, Geranium, Lavender, Hay, Rosewood, Ylang Ylang, Vetiver, Patchouli, Vanilla, Tonka Bean // Traditional uses in perfumery: An excellent fixative which lends body and naturalness. Consider for forest floor notes, mown hay, lavender bouquets, oriental, chypre, and fougere (“fern”) bases. Note: many oakmoss materials have potential allergens with a high rate of skin sensitization, this materialis IFRA compliant contains a low percentage of atranol (a known contact allergen) and meets international standards.

No. DCC Patchouli (Pogostemon Cablin)

Origin: Indonesia // Parts Used: Leaf // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Rich, Deep, Earthy, Sweet-Herbacious, Ethereal, Floral-Sweet Top Notes And Wood-Balsamic Body Notes.  // Blends well with: Amber, Amyris, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Palmarosa, Rose, Tonka Bean, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // In perfumery, an excellent base note and fixative. In skincare, used to address wrinkled, aging skin, irritation, and dryness. 

----- FLORAL AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the floral family are sweet, heady and well-rounded. Sharp green notes can show in up some florals, such as geranium, while herbal florals such as lavender can be a little more “clean” smelling. They have a balancing effect on hormones and can help cultivate romance. They are often middle notes in a perfume composition. 

No. MLV Clary Sage (Salvia Sclarea)  

Origin: France // Parts Used: Flowers And Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Dry, Musky, Bittersweet Floral // Blends Well With: Bay, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Coriander, Cypress, Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon Balm, Lime, Mandarin, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Pine, Rose, Sandalwood, Tea Tree // Traditional Uses: It has long been used to support and regulate the female reproductive system during menstruation,  and menopause It can help promote labor to ease childbirth and delivery. 

No. CXX Calendula (Calendula Officinalis)

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: CO2 Extraction // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Waxy, Warm, Herbaceous, Subtle // Blends Well With: Frankincense, Rose, Cypress, Lavender, Lemon, Cinnamon Leaf, Jasmine, geranium, Nutmeg, Orange, Mandarin, Melissa, Helichrysum // Traditional Uses:  Calendula is known for its excellent anti-inflammatory and vulnerary properties and is often used for wounds, ulcers, bruises, rashes, and skin conditions. Calendula oil is also used to reduce the appearance of spider veins and varicose veins. Calendula is beneficial when added to massage oil to help to heal, soothe, and soften.

Bios Apothecary Gardenia

No. DCI Gardenia (Gardenia Jasminoides)

Origin: Tahiti // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Sultry, Intoxicating, Tropical, Exotic, Warm, Humid, Thick, Highly fragrant White Floral, Creamy Coconut and Peach Undertones, Indollic, Green   // Blends well with: Lily, Rose, Ylang Ylang, Tuberose, Coconut, Rhubarb, Jasmine, Lilac, Orange Blossom, Peach, Lemon, Mandarin, Heliotrope, Coumarin, Musk, Labdanum, Myrrh, Tolu Balsam Traditional uses in perfumery: Solifleur, white floral and tropical accords, floral oriental, fruity chypre, coconut and tuberose

No. XII Geranium (Pelargonium Graveolens )  

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Flowers And Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Heavy, Sweet, Floral // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper, Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: A beautifying agent for the skin and hair. It calming sweet, tenacious floral scent increases positive feelings, helps to balance hormones and level out mood swings from PMS. Geranium has a high oil yield when distilled compared to rose and is often used as a substitute. 

 Bios Apothecary Hawthorne

No. CCX  “Hawthorne”

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Anisaldehyde) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Anise, Almond, Sweet, Soft-Floral, Play Dough, Hay, Powdery, Vanilla, Wood, Coumarin, Nutty and Creamy Dry Down  // Blends well with: Anise, Apricot, Cherry, Chocolate, Honeysuckle, Peach, Apricot, Vanilla, Mint, Fennel  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Use to build hey-like accords and as a modifier for herbal types

Bios Apothecary Hyacinth

No. DCV Hyacinth Absolute (Hyacinthus Orientalis)

Origin: Germany // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Solvent Extracted // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Bright, Green, Jasmine-Like, Indolic, Medicinal, Animalic Undercurrent, Chocolate, Depth, Decaying Matter // Blends well with: Neroli, Pear, Vetiver, Cedar, Oakmoss, Bergamot, Lilac, Mimosa, Violet, Jasmine, Iris, Cedar, Sandalwood, Leather  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for woody green florals.

No. XDMI Jasmine (Jasminum Officinale)  

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Solvent Extracted (Ethyl Alcohol) // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Warm, Rich, Deeply Floral // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lemon, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: A strong, sweet, romantic fragrance that has been used in some of the worlds best known perfumes. This flower blooms only at night and fills the surroundings with its unmistakable and alluring fragrance. Boosts energy and uplifts the mood.

No. XLV Lavender (Lavandula Angustifolia )  

Origin: France // Parts Used: Flowering Tops // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Sweet, Floral, Herbaceous // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lemon, Lemongrass, Mandarin, Marjoram, Oakmoss, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Peppermint, Pine, Ravensara, Rose, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Thyme, Vetiver // Traditional Uses: The name “lavender” is derived from the Latin lavare, “to wash”. Greeks and Romans perfumed their bathwater with lavender and burned lavender incense to appease their wrathful gods. 

Bios Apothecary Lilac

No. DLI Lilac (Syringa Vulgaris)

Origin: USA // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Enfleurage // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Gentle, Sweet, Floral, Fresh, Green // Blends well with: Citrus, Heliotrope, Magnolia, Gardenia, Peony, Jasmine, Rose, Cacao, Tonka, Orris, Patchouli, Vanilla Hyacinth, Ylang Ylang, Amber, White Musk, Sandalwood  // Traditional uses in perfumery: There is no lilac essential oil or absolute, so many “lilac” notes in perfumes are actually created with other materials. This is an enfleurage of lilac flowers soaked in palm oil.

No. XIV Neroli (Citrus Aurantium)  

Origin: Morocco // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top, Middle // Aroma: Light, Sweet-Floral Fragrance with Green Tanginess // Blends Well With: Benzoin, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Coriander, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Myrrh, Orange, Palmarosa, Petitgrain, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang. Traditional Uses // Calms the spirit, lowers blood pressure and cortisol levels. Inspires sensual and euphoric moods. It takes approximately 100 pounds of blossoms to produce 1 pounds of neroli essential oils.

 Bios Apothecary Osmanthus

No. DLI Osmanthus (Osmanthus Fragrans)

Origin: China // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Solvent Extraction // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Sweet Floral, Fruity, Peachy-Apricot, Creamy, Plums, Prunes, Leather and Suede Undertones // Blends well with:Jasmine, Peach, Apricot, Lactones, Ionones // Traditional uses in perfumery: Use to enhance white florals, peachy-milky notes, violets, suede-like effect lends sensual depth

 Bios Apothecary Plumeria

No. LXIV Plumeria (Plumeria Alba)

Origin: Indonesia // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Steam Distillation// Note Classification: Middle // Aroma:  Tropical, Floral, Creamy, Fruity, Peachy, Soft Gardenia-Like Aroma  // Blends well with: Jasmine, Tuberose, Magnolia, Lime, Lily, Orchid, Ambrette, Cedar // Traditional uses in perfumery: This is the Hawaiian lei flower. There are many different varieties of plumeria and each has a unique, distinctive smell. Plumeria alba is more characteristic of a white flower. Use to build tropical accords.

No. XIMD Palmarosa (Cymbopogon Martini)  

Origin: Nepal // Parts Used: Grass // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Sweet, Floral, Rosy, Geranium-Like, Herbaceous // Blends Well With: Amyris, Bay, Bergamot, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Juniper, Lemon, Lemongrass, Mandarin, Oakmoss, Orange, Patchouli, Petitgrain, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Although the oil is extracted from grass, it smells similar to rose (although slightly more herbaceous) and is used widely in the perfume industry. 

No. LXI Rose (Rosa Damascena )  

Origin: Morocco // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top, Middle // Aroma: Rich, Sweet Floral with Waxy/Green Finish // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clove Bud, Geranium, Helichrysum, Jsamine, Lemon, Neroli, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Petigrain, Sandalwood, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Supports the heart and circulatory system. Its moisturizing and hydrating properties are great for dry, mature and irritated skin. Eases female issues, regulates and balances hormones and irregular menstruation while having a general toning effect on the uterus. 

No. MCM  Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo Nucifera)  

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Sweet, Densely Floral, Honeyed, Ripe Fruit with a Spicy Green Top Note // Blends Well With: Ambrette, Amryis, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Carrot Seed, Cinnamon, Cistus, Clove, Fir, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lime, Neroli, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Spikenard, Tobacco, Tonka Bean, Tuberose, Vanilla // Traditional Uses: In Buddhism, the lotus is a symbol of purity, innocence and  divine beauty. It activates the crown chakra invoking stillness, clarity and devotion.

 Bios Apothecary Tuberose

No. DXLI Tuberose (Polianthestuberosa)

Origin: India // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Solvent Extracted // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Carnal, Creamy, Creme Brulee, Honey, Coconut Milk, Gardenia, Waxy, Fatty, Lactonic, Narcotic, Overripe, Animolic, Complex, Exotic, Sweet   // Blends well with: White Florals, Exotic Florals,  Coconut, Gardenia, Plumeria, Magnolia, Jasmine, Orange Blossom, Tonka Bean, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang // Traditional uses in perfumery: An alluring, voluptuous aphrodisiac, seductive and sensual. This creamy, lactonic floral becomes most potent at nightfall. Consider for tropical accords and floral bouquets.

Bios Apothecary Tulip

No. DXI Tulip (Tulipa)

Origin: Europe // Parts Used: Flower // Extraction Method: Steam Distillation// Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Fresh Floral with Saffron and Green Nuances // Blends well with: Orange, Anise, Grass, Almond, Apple, Honey, Rose, Freesia, Rhubarb, Green, Vetiver, Woods // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for Green, Grass and Wood Accords

Bios Apothecary Violet Flower

No. DXC Violet Flower (Viola Odorata) 

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled  // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Floral, Parma Violet Candy, Airy, Powdery, Velvety, Chalky, Play-Doh,  Dewy, Fruity Berry, Wood, Delicate, Fleeting, Shy // Blends well with: Citrus, Orris, Cedar, Orange Blossom, Rose, Vanilla, Violet Leaf, Woods // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for building ozonic, aquatic, fresh, accords and powdery floral bouquets

No. VLDM Ylang Ylang (Cananga Odorata)  

Origin: Madagascar // Parts Used: Flowers // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Rich, Sweet Floral, Narcotic // Blends Well With: Bergamot, Chamomile, Clary Sage, Clove, Eucalyptus Lemon, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lemon, Litsea Cubeba, Mandarin, Neroli, Opopanax, Orange, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Peru Balsam, Petitgrain, Rose, Rosewood, Sandalwood, Tuberose, Vetiver // Traditional Uses: One of the most powerful aphrodisiacs. In the Philippines, bed sheets are covered with flowers for the wedding night. Used to regulate emotional, cardiovascular and hormonal systems.  

----- FRUITY AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils and isolates in the fruity aroma family are refreshing, sweet, and often juicy. They are usually top notes and can be used to add liveliness and warmth. They blend well with citrus, florals and woods.
Bios Apothecary Apricot

No. XXIV Apricot (Prunus Armeniaca)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Proprietary) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fruit, Ripe Apricot, Warm and Mature, Honey, Sticky, Fresh, Green Softness, Earthy // Blends well with: Osmanthus, Orange Blossom // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for honey-sweet florals, adds a juicy twist to other fruits.
Bios Apothecary Black Currant

No. CVII “Black Currant” (Ribes Nigrum)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Proprietary) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Middle/Top // Aroma: Tart, Jammy, Fruity, Sweet, Luscious, Red Berry, Black Berry  // Blends well with: Citrus, Fruits, Florals, Woods Traditional uses in perfumery:  Forest berry, fruity florals, confectionary gourmands, woody accords
Bios Apothecary Coconut

No. DCI “Coconut” (Cocos Nucifera)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Coconut C18 Aldehyde Gamma Nonalactone) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Nutty, Soft, Tropical, Pervasive Creaminess, Milky, Fatty // Blends well with: Tropical Flowers - Gardenia, Honeysuckle, Jasmine, Plumeria, Tuberose, Ylang Ylang, “Fresh Air” Isolate, Tropical Fruit, Peach, Apricot, Vanilla, Honey, Cocoa Traditional uses in perfumery:  Exotic/tropical floral accords, lactonic musk, orientals. Use sparingly and build slowly to avoid overwhelming the composition.
Bios Apothecary Lychee

No. LXV  Lychee (Litchi Chinensis)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Geranyl Propionate) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Tropical Fruit, Lychee, Sweet, Floral Geranium, Juicy Rose, Warm, Grape, Leafy Floral Undertone // Blends well with: Pear, Geranium, Blackcurrant, Rose, Jasmine, Gardenia, Passionflower, Lavender  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Tropical accords, introducing fruit notes and enhancing fruitiness in a composition, try with florals with pronounced fruity notes

Bios Apothecary Melon

No. CMVII  Melon (Cucumis melo)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Melonal) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fresh Air, Sea Breeze, Ozonic, Cold Water, Swimming Pool, Watery Melon, Fruity Notes, Green Nuances  // Blends well with: Cucumber, Florals, Citrus, Fruit // Traditional uses in perfumery: Imparts freshness and lightness to floral bouquets, imparts volume into citrus and tropical fruit accords, creates marine accords, melon bases

 Bios Apothecary Peach

No. VLI “Peach” (Prunus Persica)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Peach C14 Aldehyde)  // Extraction Method: Derived from Castor Oil // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Peach, Fruity, Juicy, Lactonic, Creamy, Fatty // Blends well with: Almond, Ambrette, Bergamot, Cherry, Gardenia, Green Notes, Magnolia, Melon, Jasmine, Lily, Osmanthus, Orange Blossom, Vanilla, Vetiver Traditional uses in perfumery:  Enhancing fruity aspects of florals

 Bios Apothecary Pear

No. MMX  “Pear”

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Proprietary) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Watery Pear, Aquatic, Fresh, Green, Sweet, Tropical Floral  // Blends well with: Tropical Florals, “Fresh Air” Melonal, Cucumber  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Fresh, Aquatic, and Tropical Accords, Marine Notes

 Bios Apothecary Strawberry

MMXI. XXX Strawberry (Fragaria Vesca)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Strawberry Furanone) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Sweet, Candied Strawberry, Rich, Jammy // Blends well with: Citrus, Lychee, Vanilla, Patchouli, Earthy Notes, Rose // Traditional uses in perfumery: Lifts fruity florals, add juicy decadence to gourmands

----- GOURMAND AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in this aroma family are heavy and sweet, having edible or dessert-like qualities. They blend well with fruity and spicy aroma families. 

No. DVI Almond (Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis)

Origin: Morocco // Parts Used: Nut/Kernel // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top to Middle // Aroma: Sweet, Nutty, Marzipan, Hints of Cherry // Blends well with: Amyris, Balsam of Peru, Cacao, Coffee, Jasmine, Lilac, Osmanthus, Patchouli, Sandalwood, Tonka Bean, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang. Traditional Uses // Classic gourmand aroma. It lends a sweet, nutty, cherry-like top note to natural perfumes, and a seductive and alluring nuance to men’s colognes.

Bios Apothecary Coffee 

No. CCXI  Coffee (Coffea Arabica)

Origin: Italy // Parts Used: Roasted Beans // Extraction Method: CO2 Extraction // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Gourmand, Roasted Coffee, Earthy // Blends well with: Lavender, Oakmoss, Citrus // Traditional uses in perfumery: Fougeres, oriental bases, gourmand accords. Note: this oil is dark brown, opaque and viscous - adding to your perfume will impart color. Also note that this oil contains caffeine which can be absorbed through the skin.

No. MVI Vanilla (Vanilla Planifolia)

Origin: Madagascar // Parts Used: Beans/Pods // Extraction Method: CO2 Extracted // Note Classification: Base (Excellent Fixative) // Aroma: Deep, Sweet, Warm, Rich, Characteristic Vanilla Aroma, Caramel and Chocolate-Like Nuances,  Deep Balsamic Undertones. // Blends well with: Ambrette, Agarwood, Amris, Balsam of Peru, Beeswax, Benzoin, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clove, Cacao, Coffee, Frankincense, Jasmine, Lavender, Neroli, Orange, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Tonka Bean, Tuberose, Vetiver, Violet Leaf, Ylang Ylang. Traditional Uses // Invites sensuality and relaxes inhibitions

----- GREEN AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the green aroma family can be leafy, grassy, minty, herbaceous, bitter and sweet. They are usually top to middle notes and lend subtle freshness and naturalness to floral bouquets.

 Bios Apothecary Galbanum

No. XXX Galbanum (Ferula Galbaniflua)

Origin: France // Parts Used: Resin // Extraction Method: Steam Distillation// Note Classification: Top // Aroma:  Bittersweet, Green Leaf, Cool, Refreshing, Cleansing, Sea Breeze, Fresh Air After Rain, Bell Pepper, Woody, Balsamic  // Blends well with: Florals, Woods, Moss, Grass, Oakmoss, Vetiver, Sandalwood, Bergamot, Neroli // Traditional uses in perfumery: Adds a green naturalness to floral compositions

Bios Apothecary Leaf

No. CXII  "Leaf"

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Cis-3-Hexenyl Acetate 50% Dilution) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Crushed Leaves, Fresh Green Foliage, Grass, // Blends well with: Sweet Pea, Lilac, Gardenia, Jasmine, Rose, Ylang Ylang  // Traditional uses in perfumery: Consider for adding a fresh green quality to white delicate floral, lends a pleasant natural freshness

 

No. XLI Lemongrass (Cymbopogon Schoenanthus)

Origin: India // Parts Used: Grass // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Lemony, Fresh, Earthy Citrus // Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Coriander, Cypress, Fennel, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Orange, Palmarosa, Patchouli, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Thyme, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang // Traditional Uses: Relieves muscle aches and body pains including headaches and discomforts associated with arthritis. It tones and purifies the skin while its anti-inflammatory properties relieve redness, itching, and swelling.

No. IVML Vetiver (Vetiveria Zizanioides)

Origin: Sri Lanka // Parts Used: Roots // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base (Excellent Fixative) // Aroma: Deep, Earthy Aroma,Light Smokey Notes, Lush Drydown // Blends well with: Amyris, Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Cocoa, Coffee, Coriander, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemongrass, Mandarin, Oakmoss, Orange, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // Known as oil of tranquility, it's a good grounder for those who focus on mental activities to the exclusion of the physical. 

Bios Apothecary Violet Leaf

No. DXC Violet Leaf Absolute Dilution 10% (Viola Odorata)

Origin: Egypt // Parts Used: Leaf // Extraction Method: Solvent Extracted, Diluted in Fractionated Coconut // Note Classification: Base to Middle // Aroma: Cool, Leaf, Grass, Earthy, Woody, Faint Floral, Candy Violet Sweet Nuances // Blends well with: Cassie, Mimosa, Osmanthus, Blue Lotus, Narcissus, Magnolia, Tuberose, Clary Sage, Florals, Rose, Vanilla, Green Notes // Traditional uses in perfumery: Green note, lends naturalness, a rare and irreplaceable element in perfumery, lends elegance to certain floral blends, interesting twist to rose accords, provides volume and diffusiveness to heart notes

----- MEDICINAL AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in this aroma family have a sharp, clarifying and penetrating quality. They are opening and clearing in affect. Try blending with citrus, herbaceous, woody and earthy oils. 

 

No. CCI Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus Radiata) 

Origin: South Africa // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Refreshing,  Penetrating, Subtle Citrus and Peppery-Floral Overtones // Blends well with: Bay, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Coriander, Ginger, Juniper, Lavandin, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Marjoram, Melissa, Myrtle, Niaouli, Peppermint, Pine, Ravensara, Rosemary, Tea Tree, Thyme Traditional Uses // Beneficial for respiratory system and provides immune support.

No. XCI Peppermint (Mentha Piperita) 

Origin: USA // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fresh, Green, Cooling, Penetrating, Minty with a Grass-Like Undertone // Blends well with:  Cedarwood, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Marjoram, Niaouli, Pine, Rosemary, Spearmint. Traditional Uses // Generally used at low concentrations to provide a lift to perfume formulations. Due to menthol content, used as a cooling agent in over-the-counter muscle and joint preparations.

No. CVI Tea Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia)

Origin: Australiaa // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Sweet, Heavy, Earthy, Woody // Blends well with: Bergamot, Black Pepper, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Elemi, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Ginger, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Marjoram, Nutmeg, Oakmoss, Orange, Palmarosa, Peppermint, Ravensara, Rosemary, Tangerine, Thyme Traditional Uses // A natural antibacterialand antiviral agent, commonly used to treat acne, athlete's foot, lice, nail fungus and insect bites.

No. MCLX Rosemary (Rosmarinus Officinalis)

Origin: Spain // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Strong, Woody-Herbaceous, Minty-Green // Blends well with: Basil, Bergamot  Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Citrus, Cinnamon, Citronella, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Lavender, Lemongrass, Lime, Mandarin, Orange, Oregano, Peppermint, Petitgrain, Pine, Tangerine, Thyme Traditional Uses // Stimulates hair growth, used in many natural hair remedies.

----- OZONIC/AQUATIC AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the ozone/aquatic aroma family are oceanic, watery, and reminiscent of fresh air. These are usually top notes and blend well with woods and musks, they lend a dewy note to florals.

No. CXI Cucumber (Cucumus Sativus)

Origin: USA // Parts Used: Fruit  // Extraction Method: Cold Pressed // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Fresh, Green, Cool // Blends Well With: Lime, Grapefruit, Peppermint, Patchouli, Black Pepper, Sandalwood // Traditional Uses: Cucumbers have been used for the treatment of blemished skin and heat rash and applied externally as a poultice for burns, sores and softening of the skin. Known since antiquity for their properties, the fruit itself is demulcent, diuretic, emollient, purgative and tonic.

Bios Apothecary Fresh Air

No. CMVII  “Fresh Air” (Cucumis Melo)

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Melonal) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fresh Air, Sea Breeze, Ozonic, Cold Water, Swimming Pool, Watery Melon, Fruity Notes, Green Nuances  // Blends well with: Cucumber, Florals, Citrus, Fruit // Traditional uses in perfumery: Imparts freshness and lightness to floral bouquets, imparts volume into citrus and tropical fruit accords, creates marine accords, melon bases

----- RESINOUS AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the resinous aroma family exude deep, rich scents that are warm, smoky, woody, earthy, sweet and leather-like. They are heavier with good fixative properties and create mellow, alluring and long lasting compositions.

Bios Apothecary Benzoin

No. CLV Benzoin (Styrax Benzoin)

Origin: Sumatra // Parts Used: Resin // Extraction Method: Solvent Extraction // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Rich, Sweet, Warm, Balsamic, Vanilla, Cinnamon Undertones // Blends well with: // Traditional uses in perfumery: Excellent fixative, used in the manufacturing of incense, too much will mute other aromatic ingredients

Peru Balsam 

No. VII Peru Balsam (Myroxylon Balsamum ) 

Origin: El Savador // Parts Used: Resin // Extraction Method: Vacuum Distilled // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Sweet, Rich, Balsamic, Vanilla with Cinnamon, Clove, Wood, Smoke, Leather  Undertones // Blends well with: Agarwood (Oud), Ambrette, Benzoin, Cardamom, Carnation, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, CLove, Hay, Jasmine, Lavender, Sacred Lotus, Citrus, Orange Blossom, Orris, Osmanthus, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Tona, Tuberose, Vetiver, Violet Leaf, Ylang Ylang, Vanilla // Traditional uses in perfumery: Incense, Ceremonial Oils

No. MDVI Frankincense (Boswellia Carteri)

Origin: Somolia // Parts Used: Resin // Extraction Method:  Hydrodistilled // Note Classification: Base (excellent fixative) // Aroma: Dry, Diffusive, Penetrating, Resinous/Coniferous, Slightly Peppery with Balsamic Undertone // Blends well with: Agarwood, Amber, Basil, Bargamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Cinnaon, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Geraniun, Ginger, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lime, Neroli, Oakmoss, Orange, Patchouli, Pine, Rose, Sandalwood, Tonka Bean, Vanilla, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // Used ritualistically by many religious, shamanistic, and secular cultures, instills deep tranquility of the mind.

Bios Apothecary Labdanum

No. XXX Labdanum (Cistus Ladanifer)

Origin: France // Parts Used: Resin // Extraction Method: Steam Distillation // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Warm, Sweet, Heavy, Slightly Woody, Wet Leaves, Moss, Radiance and Depth, Musk, Fossilized Amber, Balsamic, Leather at Dry Down // Blends well with: Bergamot, Citrus, Opoponax, Tobacco, Frankincense // Traditional uses in perfumery: Natural substitute for ambergris which is derived from sperm whale, heavy, warm, resinou, great fixative value.

 Bios Apothecary Smoke

No. DCLXI  “Smoke”

Origin: Varied // Parts Used: Natural Isolate (Proprietary) // Extraction Method: Varied // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Incense, Embers, Ashes, Campfire, Burning Leaves // Blends well with: Lemon, Pine, Frankincense, Myrrh // Traditional uses in perfumery: Incense, sacred blends, purification and sanctification

----- SPICY AROMA FAMILY -----

The essential oils in the spicy aroma family have exotic, warm and intense aromas. They can be used to stimulate and focus energy. 

No. CMX Basil - Sweet (Ocimum Basillicum)

Origin: India // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Warm, Sweet, Licorice-Like, Crisply Herbaceous  // Blends well with: Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Citronella, Clary Sage, Coriander, Geranium, Lavender, Lime, Marjoram, Melissa, Neroli, Oakmoss, Orange, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Spearmint, Verbena, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // Stimulates, clarifies, calms,  energizes and uplift s the mind

No. MCI Bay Laurel (Lauris Nobilis)

Origin: Turkey // Parts Used: Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Fresh, Sweet-Spicy, Clove-Like, Medicinal Aroma with Sweet Dryout Notes // Blends well with: Bergamot, Citrus, Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Clove, Coriander, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Ginger, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Orange, Pine, Rose, Rosemary, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // Masculine and spicy, a warming oil that is a favorite during Fall and Winter. It stimulates circulation, and when used safely in low dilution, may be helpful in massage blends and to encourage healing of sprains and strains.

No. CDI Black Pepper (Piper Nigrum)

Origin: India // Parts Used: Dried Berries // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Fresh, Dry, Woody, Warm, Spicy // Blends well with: Bergamot, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Litsea Cubeba, Mandarin, Oakmoss, Opopanax, Orange, Patchouli, Rose, Sandalwood, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // In perfumery, piques interest of opening/top note, adds depth to overall composition. It affords interesting nuances to any floral bouquet and blends well with almost all oils, as long as only very small amounts are used.

No. IMCV Cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum)

Origin: Sri Lanka // Parts Used: Dried Bark // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Warm, Diffuse, Sweet-Spicy, Persistent Dryness and Powdery Note at Drydown // Blends well with: Ambrette, Balsam of Peru, Benzoin, Cardamom, Carnation, Chamomile, Champaca, Clove, Cocao, Coconut, Coffee, Coriander, Frankincense, Ginger, Jasmine, Lavender, Nutmeg, Orange, Patchouli, Rose, Rosemary, Sage, Sandlwood, Tonka Bean, Tuberose, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // In perfumery, the sweetness of cinnamon adds warmth and spice when added to compositions in trace amounts.

No. CDIV Clove (Eugenia Caryophyllus)

Origin: Sri Lanka // Parts Used: Fruit // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Rich, Warm, Sweet-Spicy with Fresh-Fruity Finish // Blends well with: Basil, Benzoin, Beragmot, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Carnation, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Fennel, Geranium, Ginger, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Nutmeg, Orange, Oregano, Palmarosa, Peppermint, Rose, Rosemary, Vanilla, Ylang Ylang Traditional Uses // In perfumery, imparts richness and complexity. Lends a warming appeal in massage oils to combat the chill of winter. 

No. VLDM Ginger (Zingiber Officinale)

Origin: Sri Lanka // Parts Used: Root // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Warm, Fresh, Pungent, with a Sweet, Spicy-Woody, Tenacious Undertone. // Blends well with: Anise, Balsam of Peru, Bergamot, Citrus, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Clove, Cacao, Coffee, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Frankincense, Lemon, Lime, Mandarin, Neroli, Orange, Patchouli, Rose, Rosemary, Vanilla, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. Traditional Uses // In aromatherapy, soothes nausea and indigestion. A strong antiseptic and antibacterial, used to prevent colds and support the immune system. In perfumery, enlivens citrus and floral Accords

----- WOODY AROMA FAMILY -----

 The essential oils in the woody aroma are often derived from the fresh cut wood, trea bark, or roots of a tree - they family provide warmth, dryness and richness.  Use to enhance earthly and citrus compositions.

 Bios Apothecary Oud

No. CCL Agarwood/Oud 5% (Aquilarira Crassna)

Origin: Vietnam // Parts Used: Bark // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base // Aroma: Warm, Woody, Damp, Sweet, Deep, Rich, Pungent, Smokey, Incense, Tobacco, Honey, Amber, Animalic, Musky, Sensual, Balanced and Complex, Long Dry Down // Blends well with: Ambrette, Black Pepper, Cardamom, Carnation, Cedarwood, Juniper, labdanum, Sacred Lotus, Myrhh, Oakmoss, Orange Blossom, Neroli, Orris, Patchouli, Pink Pepper, Rose, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Tobacco, Tuberose, Vanilla, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. Traditional uses in perfumery:  consider for oriental and woody bases, chypre and fougere accords, sacred oil blends.

XCVI. Birch (Betula Lenta)

Origin: Russia // Parts Used: Bark // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Sweet, Sharp, Camphoraceous, Similar to Wintergreen // Blends well with: Bergamot, Cajeput, Cedarwood, German Chamomile, Roman Chamomile, Frankincense, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Marjoram,Peppermint, Pine, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Wintergreen Traditional Uses // A purifying, uplifting and stimulating oil that encourages detoxification and healing.

No. DVXM Cedarwood (Cedrus Atlantica)

Origin: Morocco // Parts Used: Bark // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Base (Good Fixative) // Aroma: Rich, Sweet, Warm, Woody and Balsamic // Blends well with: Bergamot, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Cypress, Fir,  Frankincense, Geranium, Grapefruit, Jasmine, Juniper,  Laurel Leaf, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Marjoram,  Neroli, Patchouli, Pine, Rose, Rosemary, Thyme, Verbena, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang. Traditional Uses // An aphrodisiac with a masculine scent. one of the earliest incense materials, good for grounding and mediation blends.

No. LMV Cypress (Cupressus Sempervirens) 

Origin: Spain // Parts Used: Branches and Leaves // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Middle // Aroma: Fresh, Woody, Resinous, Deep Green Balsamic // Blends well with: Ambrette, Benzoin, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Eucalyptus, Geranium, Juniper, Lavender, Lemon, Mandarin, Marjoram, Orange, Patchouli, Pine, Rosemary, Sandalwood // Traditional Uses // Has a buoyant, uplifting quality that is shared by many of the coniferous needle trees. Epitomize upward motion and centered energy, often included in pre-workout blends to facilitate movement.

No. CMI Juniper Berry (Juniperus Communis)

Origin: Bulgaria // Parts Used: Berries // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top to middle // Aroma:  Radiant, Lively, Penetrating Woody-Fruity Aroma, Green and Sweet Undertones // Blends well with: Angelica, Balsam of Peru, Bergamot, Citrus, Cardamom,  Cedarwood, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Cypress,  Frankincense, Geranium, Lavender, Mandarin, Myrrh, Nutmeg, Oakmoss,  Patchouli, Pine, Rosemary, Sandalwood, Spruce, Tonka Bean, Vanilla, Vetiver. Traditional Uses // Uplift the spirits during times of low energy, anxiety and weakness. Strength and survival in the face of adversity.

No. XXI Pine (Pinus Sylvestris)

Origin: Bulgaria // Parts Used: Roots // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top to Middle // Aroma: Strong, Fresh, Dry-Balsamic Turpentine with a Distinctive Sweet-Coniferous Topnote // Blends well with: Ambrette, Bergamot, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cinnamon, Clary Sage, Clove, Cypress, Eucalyptus, Fir, Geranium, Grapefruit, Helichrysum, Juniper Berry,  Lavender, Lemon, Marjoram, Neroli, Oakmoss, Patchouli, Peppermint, Rosemary, Sage, Sandalwood, Spruce, Tagetes, Tea Tree, Thyme, Vanilla. Traditional Uses //A purifying and cleansing oil, benefits the upper respiratory system.

No. CXCI Spruce (Picea Mariana)

Origin: Canada // Parts Used: Needles // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top to Middle // Aroma: Fresh, Radiant, Penetrating, Warm, Woody, Dry, Soft // Blends well with: Bergamot, Black Currant Bud, Black Pepper, Cedarwood, Chamomile, Cypress, Fir, Geranium, Grapefruit, Lemon, Lime, Niaouli, Oakmoss, Orange, Pink Peppercorn, Peppermint, Pine, Rosemary,  Spearmint, Tea Tree Traditional Uses // Has a calming effect on the mind with its restorative, refreshing and purifying qualities, much in the same way a walk in a tranquil conifer forest brings about inner peace and a revived spirit.

No. DCLI Rosewood (Aniba Rosaeodora)

Origin: Canada // Parts Used: Bark // Extraction Method: Steam Distilled // Note Classification: Top // Aroma: Warm, Woody, Floral, Fruity // Blends well with: Beeswax, Benzoin, Bergamot, Citrus, Cardamom, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Clove, Coriander, Frankincense, Geranium, Ginger, Helichrysum, Jasmine, Lavender, Lemon, Lemongrass, Marjoram (Sweet), Neroli, Orange, Palmarosa, Petitgrain, Rose, Sandalwood, Tuberose, Vetiver, Ylang Ylang, Traditional Uses // In perfumery, rounds off sharp edges and adds body to perfume formulations.